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Alternatives to UDRP

While the UDRP is by far the most common policy used in disputes, there are others, such as the following: usDRP (usTLD Dispute Resolution Policy), usNDP (usTLD Nexus Dispute Policy), TDRP (Transfer Dispute Resolution Policy), RDRP (Restrictions Dispute Resolution Policy), QCP (Qualification Challenge Policy), MDRP (Model Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy), ERDRP (Eligibility Requirements Dispute Resolution Policy), and CRCP (kids.us Content Removal Challenge Policy).

The usDRP applies to disputes involving a complaint regarding a .us TLD name registered or used in bad faith and violates the trademark rights of the owner.

The usNDP applies to disputes involving a complaint that a .us TLD name is not registered by an entity in the United States and is in violation of the Nexus requirements for .us TLDs. The nexus requirements are that the .us TLDs be registered by:

1) A natural person:
(i) who is a United States citizen,
(ii) who is a permanent resident of the United States of America or any of its possessions or territories, or
(iii) whose primary place of domicile is in the United States of America or any of its possessions;

2) A United States entity or organization that is:
(i) incorporated within one of the fifty (50) U.S. states, the District of Columbia, or any of the United States possessions or territories, or
(ii) organized or otherwise constituted under the laws of a state of the United States of America, the District of Columbia or any of its possessions or territories (including a federal, state, or local government of the United States or a political subdivision thereof, and non-commercial organizations based in the United States); or

3) A foreign entity or organization that has a bona fide presence in the United States of America or any of its possessions or territories.

The TDRP applies to disputes arising from inter-registrar transfer of domain names.

The RDRP applies to disputes in which one party claims that a .biz domain name is not being or will not be used primarily for a bona fide business or commercial purpose. An RDRP complain may be brought in conjunction with a UDRP complaint against the same domain name.

The QCP applies to disputes involving a claim that a .pro registered item holder has not met the requirements of the .pro TLD Registration restrictions. A QCP Challenge may be brought against a registered item holder for registered items having the .pro TLD, including professional services second level domains, such as .law.pro, .med.pro, and .cpa.pro.

The MDRP applies to all domain extensions registered with New.net, such as: .agent, .arts, .chat, .church, .game, .inc, .kids, .law, .llc, .love, .ltd, .med, .mp3, .school, .scifi, shop, .sport, .tech, .travel, .video. The MDRP may also apply to Internationalized Domain names.

The ERDRP applies to registered internet domain names with a name extension and defensive registrations that prevent registration of domain names with a .name extension. Complainants who are able to claim trademark rights in the disputed domain name may also choose to utilize the provisions of the UDRP

The CRCP applies to disputes arising from child protective content removal decisions made by NeuStar Registry under NeuStar’s kids.us content policy. If a registrant of a kids.us domain name believes that a content removal decision by NeuStar violated the kids.us Content Policy, the registrant may challenge the removal.


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